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While it is true that global farmland is facing pressures due to development and population growth, it is important to note that the overall trend for farmland is still one of increasing demand and value.
However, there are several reasons why farmland may be decreasing in quantities in some regions.
1. Urbanization and Land Conversion
Rapid urbanization and population growth often lead to the conversion of farmland into urban or suburban areas.
As cities expand and infrastructure develops, agricultural land can be lost to housing, commercial, or industrial projects.
This conversion reduces the amount of available farmland.
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2. Fragmentation and Subdivision
As population density increases and land becomes scarce, farmland may be fragmented or subdivided into smaller plots for various purposes, such as residential or recreational use.
This fragmentation can reduce the efficiency and productivity of farmland and make it less viable for agriculture.
3. Land Degradation and Soil Loss
Unsustainable land management practices, such as overuse of chemicals, deforestation, erosion, or desertification, can lead to land degradation and soil loss.
These processes reduce the fertility and productivity of farmland, making it less suitable for agricultural purposes.
4. Agricultural Policies and Practices
Government policies and practices related to agriculture, land use, subsidies, or regulations can influence the availability and use of farmland.
In some regions, policies may prioritize other land uses over agriculture, leading to a reduction in farmland.