Can Foreigners Buy Farmland In Romania?

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Romania, with its fertile plains, diverse microclimates, and a rich agricultural history, offers a unique setting for farming ventures.

From the sunflower fields of Dobrogea to the vineyards of Transylvania, Romania's agricultural potential is vast.

However, for potential foreign investors, a pressing question arises: Is it feasible to own a piece of Romania's fertile lands?

Legal Framework and Restrictions

  1. EU and EEA Citizens: As of 2021, citizens of European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) countries can purchase agricultural land in Romania without any restrictions, following Romania's full integration into the EU.
  2. Non-EU/EEA Citizens: Foreigners from outside the EU and EEA may face restrictions when it comes to direct ownership of agricultural land. However, they can potentially set up a company in Romania, which can then purchase the land.
  3. Registration and Approval: All land transactions, including those by foreigners, must be registered with the local land registry. This ensures transparency and provides a clear title to the land.

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Opportunities and Considerations

  • Diverse Farming Opportunities: Romania is known for its production of grains, sunflowers, and wine. The country also has a growing organic farming sector and is a major exporter of various agricultural products.
  • Government Initiatives: The Romanian government offers various subsidies and incentives to promote sustainable farming and attract foreign investment in the sector.
  • Strategic Location: Romania's location in Eastern Europe, with proximity to both European and Asian markets, makes it a strategic hub for agricultural trade.


  • Land Fragmentation: Over the years, land in Romania has been fragmented into smaller plots. Consolidating these plots for large-scale farming can be a challenge.
  • Infrastructure: While Romania has made significant strides in infrastructure development, some rural areas might still lack modern amenities and transportation networks.
  • Bureaucracy: Navigating the Romanian bureaucratic system can be challenging, and understanding local regulations is crucial.


Romania, with its rich agricultural tradition and strategic location, offers promising opportunities for foreign investors.

While the legal landscape can be complex, especially for non-EU/EEA citizens, with thorough research, understanding of local nuances, and a commitment to sustainable practices, investing in Romania's farmlands can be a rewarding venture.

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