Can Foreigners Buy Farmland In Indonesia?

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Indonesia, an archipelago of over 17,000 islands, boasts a diverse ecosystem, rich cultural heritage, and a vibrant agricultural sector.

From the rice terraces of Bali to the spice islands of Maluku, Indonesia's agricultural potential is vast.

However, for foreign investors, a crucial question arises: Is it possible to own a piece of Indonesia's fertile lands?

Legal Framework and Restrictions

  1. Ownership Restrictions: According to Indonesian law, foreigners are not allowed to own land. They can, however, obtain a right to use (Hak Pakai) or a right to build (Hak Guna Bangunan) on the land, which allows them to lease land for a specific period.
  2. Duration of Lease: The right to use (Hak Pakai) can be obtained for an initial period of up to 30 years, extendable by another 20 years, and can be renewed for another 30 years after that.
  3. Purpose of Use: The land's designated use must align with the investor's intentions. For instance, agricultural land cannot be used for non-agricultural purposes without proper permissions.

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Opportunities and Considerations

  • Diverse Agricultural Practices: Indonesia offers a range of agricultural activities, from rice and coffee cultivation to rubber and palm oil plantations.
  • Government Initiatives: The Indonesian government has been promoting sustainable agricultural practices and offers incentives for ventures that align with their vision of food security and sustainability.
  • Strategic Location: Indonesia's location, with its access to major Asian markets, makes it an ideal spot for agricultural trade.


  • Land Disputes: Land ownership can sometimes be a contentious issue in Indonesia, with overlapping claims and unclear titles. It's crucial to ensure a clear land title before investing.
  • Cultural and Language Barriers: Understanding local customs, traditions, and the Bahasa Indonesia language can be beneficial for smoother transactions and integration.
  • Environmental Concerns: With increasing concerns about deforestation and environmental degradation, it's essential to adhere to sustainable farming practices.


While Indonesia offers agricultural potential, foreign investors need to navigate the complex legal landscape carefully.

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