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Can Foreigners Buy Farmland In Brazil?

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Brazil, a vast nation that stretches from the Amazon Basin in the north to the vineyards and massive Iguaçu Falls in the south, is a powerhouse in the agricultural sector.

Its expansive landscapes and tropical climate make it an ideal location for a variety of crops and livestock.

But for those looking from outside its borders, a pressing question arises: Is it possible for foreigners to invest in Brazil's rich farmlands?

Legal Framework and Restrictions

Brazil's stance on foreign ownership of land has seen shifts over the years. Here's a snapshot of the current legal landscape:

  1. Restrictions on Direct Ownership: In 2010, Brazil's Attorney General's Office reinterpreted a 1971 law, placing restrictions on the amount of land foreigners can buy. This move was primarily to curb large-scale land acquisitions by foreign-based companies.
  2. Size Limitations: Foreign individuals can own up to 50 modules of undivided land (which can range from 5 to 3,000 hectares depending on the region and its use). Beyond this, approval from the Brazilian Congress is required.
  3. Border Land: There are stricter regulations for lands near international borders. Foreign entities cannot own more than 150 square kilometers in any one municipality without prior authorization.

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Opportunities and Considerations

Brazil's agricultural sector is rife with opportunities:

  • Diverse Crops: From soybeans, coffee, and sugarcane to beef and poultry, Brazil is a leading global exporter in various categories.
  • Biofuel Production: Brazil is a pioneer in the production of ethanol from sugarcane, offering investment opportunities in this sector.
  • Affordable Land Prices: In comparison to North America and Europe, Brazil offers competitive land prices.


Potential investors should be cognizant of:

  • Bureaucracy: The land registration process can be lengthy and might require navigating through bureaucratic hurdles.
  • Land Disputes: Due to historical reasons, some lands might have unclear titles, leading to potential disputes.


While there are restrictions on foreign ownership, with the right guidance and due diligence, it's possible to tap into the vast opportunities the country offers.

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