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If you look at an aerial map of the planet earth, you will see mostly water.
In fact, about 71 percent of the earth’s surface is covered by water. The other 29 percent of the earth's surface is land.
The amount of land on earth is finite. Keep that in mind as we further investigate the total amount of farmland on earth, as well as the sky rocketing need for more food in the near future.
How Much Farmland Is There Across The Planet?
The total land surface of earth is about 197 billion square miles.
Sounds like a lot, right?
But of this total, about 20 percent is covered by snow land, 20 percent is mountainous, 20 percent is desert and 10 percent does not have top soil.
That leaves 30 percent – or a total of 59.3 billion square miles – of land suitable for farming.
A recent US Geological study showed that India has the most cropland at 9.6 percent, followed by the US at 8.9 percent, then China at 8.8 percent, and Russia at 8.3 percent.
Which Country Is The Leader In Agriculture?
Surprisingly, that answer is China.
China has only 8.8 percent of usable farmland in its country, yet it is the world’s largest supplier of grain and rice, as well as some specific vegetables such as green beans, spinach, broccoli, sweet potatoes and peas.
In addition, China supplies the world with the most cotton.
If you are wondering how the US ranks in agricultural production, it holds first place in only corn and sorghum, a type of cereal, according to the Food Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Farms are the world’s primary supplier of food, yet the number of farms is shrinking for several reasons.
As world population booms, the number of farms needs to rapidly increase as well as the amount of food production. By 2050, the global population is expected to reach nearly 10 billion.
Clearly, we need to expand the number and food production of farms, as well as looking into other technologies, such as vertical farming.