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India has diverse agricultural regions with fertile farmland spread across the country.
Here are a few regions in India known for their productive farmland.
1. Punjab and Haryana
Punjab and Haryana, located in the northwest region of India, are often called the “Granaries of India.” These states have fertile alluvial soils and a well-developed irrigation system.
They are known for their high-yielding crops like wheat, rice, maize, and cotton. The Green Revolution in the 1960s and 1970s significantly transformed these regions into major agricultural hubs.
2. Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh, located in northern India, is one of the largest agricultural states in the country.
The Gangetic plains in this region are fertile and support the cultivation of various crops, including rice, wheat, sugarcane, pulses, oilseeds, and vegetables.
Gujarat, located on the western coast of India, has a diverse agricultural landscape. It benefits from fertile alluvial soils and a long coastline.
This region is known for cultivating cotton, groundnuts, oilseeds, tobacco, spices, and fruits. Additionally, Gujarat has made significant progress in horticulture and dairy farming.
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4. Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
These southern states have fertile agricultural land and a long history of agriculture.
This region's Godavari and Krishna river basins provide irrigation water, making it suitable for crops like rice, cotton, sugarcane, tobacco, spices, and fruits.
5. Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu, located in southern India, has a diverse agricultural sector.
The Cauvery Delta region in Tamil Nadu is known for its fertile alluvial soil and supports the cultivation of rice, sugarcane, cotton, and vegetables. Other parts of the state grow crops like millets, pulses, oilseeds, spices, and fruits.
6. West Bengal
West Bengal, located in eastern India, has fertile alluvial soils and a favorable climate for agriculture.
The state is known for cultivating rice, jute, tea, sugarcane, oilseeds, vegetables, and fruits.